Kristine Kay

University of California, Berkeley

Travers Department of Political Science


Keele, Luke, Paru Shah, Ismail White and Kristine Kay. 2017. "Black Candidates and Black Turnout: A Study of Viability in Louisiana Mayoral Elections." The Journal of Politics, 79(3): 780-791.

What effect does a candidate’s race have on co-racial voter turnout? Recent studies have found mixed results, largely
because it is difficult to separate the effect of candidate race from other factors that drive voter turnout. We argue that
viability is a key element in the theory of turnout among co-racial voters that has been overlooked in the extant literature.
We develop a broad-based concept of candidate viability that is dependent on both the candidate but also the electoral
environment. To test this hypothesis, we make use of the unique runoff structure of mayoral elections in the state of
Louisiana between 1988 and 2011. We argue that runoff elections heighten viability in ways rarely seen in most elections.
We find that while there is an effect of candidate race on black turnout in general elections, the effect is much more robust
in runoff elections.

Because of the strong correlation between race and class in Brazil, it has been difficult for scholars to assess the degree to which either provides Brazilians with politically relevant identities. The impacts of race and class are compared with a priming experiment using Afro-Brazilian subjects. The results indicate that subjects identifying as blacks are more responsive than non-black subjects to racial primes, resulting in stronger support for government intervention aimed at racial rather than class inequality. Relevant comparisons to race in the USA are discussed.

Working Papers

National Identity and Support for Trade: Experimental Evidence from Taiwan

With Wei-Ting Yen and Fang-Yu Chen (Under Review)

Underestimating Race: Projection in Evaluations of Black Candidates' Policy Positions.

Identity or Heuristic? The Meaning of Linked Fate

Motivation and Turnout: An Experiment in Expression Inhibition

Decreasing Political Prejudice by Satisfying Enhancement Motivations

Dual Social Identities: Racial Diversity Among Latinos

White, Christian and American: Overlapping Identities and Outgroup Bias

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